Diversifying Agriculture for Better Lives

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17 September 2013
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3rd International Conference on Neglected and Underutilized Species: For a Food-Secure Africa (NUS 2013)

3rd International Conference on Neglected and Underutilized Species: For a Food-Secure Africa (NUS 2013)

As part of the conference coverage for NUS 2013, New Agriculturist – a widely read and well – recognised online journal, will be helping to share your stories about how agricultural knowledge and innovation regarding neglected crops are helping to address major development challenges and make a real difference in the lives of the poor. In particular, the New Agriculturist is interest to feature case studies that show how the author’s work is helping to achieve developmental change in increasing environmental resilience with NUS, in enhancing food and nutrition security, or benefiting people’s lives and livelihoods through the upgrading of NUS value chains.

The conveners of the conference kindly invite participants who may be interested to collaborate and have their stories published to submit a short outline for articles that correspond with the following conference themes:

Theme 1: Resilience of agricultural and livelihood systems

  • Diversification for food security in sub-Saharan Africa
  • NUS for nutrition and health

Theme 2: Upgrading value chains of neglected and underutilized species

Interested contributors are advised to write directly to Olivia Frost at email hidden; JavaScript is required, and copy to email hidden; JavaScript is required by no later than 30th September 2013. Please visit the official website of the “3rd International Conference on Neglected and Underutilized Species: For a Food-Secure Africa (NUS 2013)” for more information and article submission guidelines.

10 Responses so far.

  1. Dr K V Peter says:

    N.I.Vavilov proposed in 1975 eight centers of origin and diversity of crop plants.Zeven and Zhukavsky(1975)suggested 12 mega biodiversity centers in the world.Meyers et al(2001)identified 25 global hot spots as areas with exceptional concentration of endemic species.Two of these hot spots are the Indo-Myanmar and Western Ghats/Sri Lankan Regions.India is a primary centers of crop plants like smooth gourd,ridge gourd,pointed gourd,jack fruit,banana,mango,jamun,large cardamom, black pepper,and several medicinal plants like Rauvolfia serpentina ans Sausslerea lappa.Important diversity is found in brinjal,rice bean,cucumber, bitter gourd,bottle gourd,snake gourd,citrus,taro,yams,ginger,turmeric and yams.The horticulture based food basket is limited to less than 100 crops,ornamentals,medicinal and aromatic plants.In India alone , there are about 36,000 species of plants including micro-organisms of which 17,500 species are higher plants.India possesses 11.9% of the world flora with 5725 endemic species belonging to 141 endemic genera and 47 families of higher plants.Among domesticated species about 166 crop species originated and diversified in this part of the world.The species of horticultural importance include 54 in vegetables,104 fruits and 27 spices.My edited book ‘UNDERUTILISED AND UNDER EXPLOITED HORTICULTURAL CROPS” Vol.I published by New India Publishing Agency Agency New Delhi(www.bookfactoryindia.com) carries 26 chapters oner seven sub-titles and covers 50 crops of possible large scale use.Forty four scientists based in 13 Research Institutes and Universities have contributed chapters to this Vol.I.

  2. Dr K V Peter says:

    Food security has three dimensions-availability,access and absorption of food-.Purchasing power is pre-requisite to human dignity, self esteem and family happiness.Among crops grown, plantation-industral-crops provide much needed employment at primary level in the plantations, secondary level at processing factories and at tertiary level at product manufacturing level.Value addition and diversification are more pronounced at Plantation crops.By definition plantation crops are labour intensive crops grown on large scale where the primary products are raw materials for industrial products.There are 12 plantation crops grown-arecanut,coconut, cashew, coffee, cocoa, tea, rubber,oil palm, palmyrah, cinchona ,cardamom and wattle-.The National Book Trust,India has published my authored book PLANTATION CROPS in three languages-English,Hindi and Malayalam-.There are twelve chapters in the book each covering origin and destribution,area and production,botany,cultivars and morphology.In India the plantation crops are grown over an area of 3.2 million ha.(1.8% of total cropped area), generating an annual income of over Rs 200 billion and contributing about Rs 60 billion to export earnings.Globalization of agriculture has created newer challenges and newer oppertunities particularly in plantation crops.NBT New Delhi is a government of India publisher and any publication by NBT is considered prestigious.Proposal is pending to publish this book in all the Indian languages.

  3. Dr K V Peter says:

    BASICS OF HORTICULTURE is a compilation of 15 essays authored by 30 working scientists in 12 Research Institutes and Universities in India.The essays are:1)Apomixis in plants,2)Polyembryony and its Prevalence in Horticultural Crops,3)Male sterility and incompatibility in selected vegetable crops,4)climate change and horticulture,5)Biotechnology research on spices,6)vegetable science,7)Biocontrol in vegetables,8)Tropical and Sub-Tropical Fruits,9)Horticultural Crops and Pests Management,10)Management of nematodes in Horticultural Crops,11)Post harvest Management of Fruits and Vegetables,12)Preservation of Fruit and Vegetables,13)Marketing of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables,14)Mechanisation of Plantation Crops and 15)Glossary of selected horticultural terms.The book is edited by me and poblished by New India Publishing Agency New Delhi.As the targetted readers are students and copies sold out, the new revised edition is getting ready.The book is available with http://www.bookfactoryindia.com

  4. Dr K V Peter says:

    BIOTECHNOLOGY IN HORTICULTURE: METHODS AND APPLICATIONS is an edited compilation of 17 chapters contributed by Scientists from India ,Taiwan and Japan.Horticulture-fruits,vegetables,ornamentals,spices,plantation crops,tubers,spices and aromatic plants,medicinal plants and mushrooms-are vital for livelihood and nutrition security.Horticulture based industry is the core of secondary agriculture where value addition is the main focus.Biodiversity in Horticultural crops is the wealth and it’s conservation is a prori requirement for present and future livelihood.Similarity and commonality of plants and animals end in nucleotides with purines and pyrimidines and gene expression mediated by another set of genes.Recombinant DNA technology has opened new avenues of research to develop inputs efficient plants,biotic and abiotic stresses resistant plants,plants rich in nutrients,evolving plants bio fortified,unique and distinct colored ornamentals etc.With transgenes cutting across barriers of plant and animal kingdom,possibility of using animal genes in plants and vice versa has become reality.Bt genes imparting resistance to boll worms in cotton have been discovered.Bt cotton,Bt eggplant,Bt tomato etc are now in farmers field.Genomics and proteomics are developed as distinct sciences.The book is edited by me and published by NIPA New Delhi(www.bookfactoryindia.com).

  5. Dr K V Peter says:

    “NUTRI-HORTICULTURE” is an edited book published by Astral International Pvt.Ltd.New Delhi.Edited by Dr K V Peter ,it carries 17 chapters authored by 32 scientists from India,Rome and Australia.Improving Nutrition Security and Health for All:The important role of Horticulture by Janice Albert,Nutrition Officer,FAO,Rome is the lead chapter.Other chapters include Endophytic Microorganisms in Agriculture and Horticulture by Pious Thomas,Genetics of male sterility as affected by temperature by Tembhune and Chavan,Biointensive integrated pest management in horticultural crops by Parvatha Reddy,in vitro breeding strategies in the development of Australian Native plants by Zulkarnain,Tapingkae and Acram Tagi,Science of polyenbryony by Roshan and Pebam,computational biology Applications by Aimy Sebastian and Vibin Ramakrishnan,Breeding methods of self pollinated crops by Vanaja,Biochemistry and physiology of latex production in rubber by Usha Nair,Water requirement of Horticultural crops by Joseph,rainwater harvesting methods by Visalakshi,Biology of grafting in dicot plants by Parameswaran and Renish Jayaraj,Basics of Screening Techniques for disease resistance against fungal and bacterial diseases of vegetables by Naih et al,Factors affecting shelf life of fruits by Ram Asrey and Kalyan Barman,History of coconut breeding by Nair et al ,history of nematology research by Jijii Rajmohan and Marketing Management by Ashok and Mani.Science based horticulture encompasses and targets increased productivity and enhanced income to farmers at optimum and efficient use of space, water,energy, and information and communication technology.Fruits, vegetables,ornamentals, plantation crops,spices, herbs, tuber crops, medicinal and aromatic plants, mushrooms and their processing into value added products come under the perview of horticulture.The book NUTEI-HORTICULTURE can be ordered from http://www.astralint.com or through email hidden; JavaScript is required

  6. Dr K V Peter says:

    Spiders are insects both beneficial and poisonous with a history going back to 350 million years.They are abundant and widespread in almost all ecosystems and constitute one of the most important components of global biodiversity.Spiders have a very significant role to play in ecology by being exclusively predatory and thereby maintaining ecological equilibrium.Many spiders feed on noxious insects like houseflies and mosquitoes,which are vectors of human diseases.A large number of spiders are found in agricultural fields and thus play an important role in controlling the population of many agricultural pests.Despite their importance spiders are largely neglected mainly due to ignorance and fear and the subsequent dislike for them.This neglect of spiders ,both academic and conservational ,seems highly overlooked and unjustifiable.Although more than 1400 species have been described from India,the study on the taxonomy,biology and ecology go Indian spiders remain miserably inadequate.This has largely been due to lack of expertise in this field and the absence of sufficient literature.Arachnology(study on spiders) is still in its infancy.The book SPIDERS OF INDIA edited by Prof.P A Sebasian and Prof.K V Peter and published by Universities Press,Hyderabad(Orient and Blackswan)(www.universitiespress.com) is the only updated book on the subject.It will prove an invaluable resource for professionals,students,naturalists,and researchers in zoology,ecology and physiology.

  7. Dr K V Peter says:

    Productivity and returns to farmers are low under open field cultivation of crops.Crop forcing for periods of demand and sustainable agriculture with minimum use of critical resources like land/space/water/nutrients/energy/labour are requirements of the day both in developed and developing countries.Countries like China,Taiwan, Japan, USA and Mexico have taken lead in “protected cultivation of crops especially vegetables, fruits, ornamentals, medicinal and aromatic plants.Agriculture, being the main source of employment and income in India ,is facing threats due to shrinking land, high cost of water, nutrients and pesticides and farm labour.I edited a book’PROTECTED CULTIVATION OF HORTICULTURAL CROPS published by New India Publishing Agency New Delhi(www.bookfactoryindia.com).The chapters included are :1.)Protected cultivation of horticultural crops-Present scenarion and future prospects;Space saving horticulture;Principles of Hi-Tech horticulture;High-Tech interventions in Horticulture crops;Technological advances in Irrigation management for protected cultivation;Indigenous approach towards popularization of green housesin Himalayan region;Protected cultivation technologies for diversification and Livelihood Security for Indian farmers;Polyhouse vegetable crop breeding;Recent advances in irrigation techniques for protected cultivation of vegetable crops;High Altitude Protected vegetable cultivation;Recent advances in raising of vegetable transplants under protected cultivation;High value vagetable Production in Green house;Protected cultivation of vegetables in Tropics;Protected Cultivation of Spices:Realities and challenges;Protected cultivation of Floricultural crops;Scenario of flower breeding for protected cultivation;Structural support vis-a -vis Quality Concerns in Protected Horticulture.The edited book carries an elaborate Index.In India protected cultivation is catching up fast especially in Horticultural crops.Copies of the book can be ordered from: email hidden; JavaScript is required

  8. Dr K V Peter says:

    “Biodiversity of Horticultural Crops” is a series published by Astral International Pvt.Ltd.New Delhi(www.astralint.com) and edited by me.Four volumes are already available.Volume I carries 18 chapters,Vol.II 14 chapters,Vol.III 14 chapters and the most recent Vol.IV carries 21 chapters.Aspects covered are Conservation and use of tropical fruit species diversity in Asia:IPGRI’s contributions,centers of origin and diversity of horticultural crops,convention on biodiversity,sacred groves for biodiversity conservation,horticultural biodiversity sites,management of genetic resources of horticultural crops in the emerging IPR regime,impact of climate changes on biodiversity and role of sacred groves in the perspective of biodiversity conservation with special reference to Kumaon hills etc.The biodiversity of crops covered are anthurium,paprikas,chrysanthemum,custard apple,jujube,papaya,potato,songe gourd,tamarind,tomato,aonla,bael,citrus,okra,orchids,temperate and sub tropical vegetables,tropical fruits,Banana and plantains,tropical tuber crops,black pepper,ginger and turmeric,tree spices,cardamoms,large cardamom,Kokomo,seed spices,rubber,amaranth,drumstick,radishes,tropical cauliflower,jack fruit,grapes,cocoa,tamarind,Indian gooseberry,plumeria,ash gourd,satputia,water melon,cranberry,jamun,litchi,mangoes,Noni,pomegranate,heliconia,marigold,zinnia,bydagi chilli,bombard ground nut.The series on completion will have ten volumes.Any one interested in biodiversity of horticultural crops can contribute.Contact is email hidden; JavaScript is required

  9. Dr K V Peter says:

    A two volume set titled”Mango-Production and Processing Technology” and”Mango-Cultivation in different countries” are published by Studium Press USA(www.studiumpress.in).Volume one carries 44 chapters including a chapter on Floral Biology,Cytology and Breeding.Volume two carries 25 chapters covering mango cultivation in different countries-India,Taiwan,Thailand,Sri Lanka,Vietnam,Philippines,Bangladesh,Israel,Mauritius,Kenya,Burkina Faso,Ghana,Nigeria,Benin,Togo,Cameroon,Egypt,Australia,Brazil,Colombia,Haiti,Pakistan-.The above volumes are edited by Sudha G Valvi,K Rajmohan,J N Govil,K V Peter and George Thottappily(email hidden; JavaScript is required)

  10. Dr K V Peter says:

    The series UNDERUTILISED AND UNDEREXPLOITED HORTICULTURAL CROPS published by New India Publishing Agency,New Delhi(www.bookfactoryindia.com) have so far covered over 150 crops in five volumes.Crops like curry leaf,drumstick,Ceylon spinach,chekkurmanis,basella,basil,yams,gourds like spiny gourd and sweet gourd,colocasia,winged bean,welwet bean,Beatles etc are covered.Botany,taxonomy,origin,distribution,agronomy,nutritive value,anti nutrient factors if any,germ plasm depository if any etc are covered.
    The series FUTURE CROPS published by Astral International Pvt Ltd New Delhi(www.astralintl.com) are in two volumes covering crops for the future.The future crops require less water,climate resilient and resistant to pests and diseases.Bush type of pigeon pea,chayote,cassava,lichens,aquatic vegetables etc are projected.Over 40 crops are covered.
    One hundred and odd working scientists from India,China,SriLanka,Sikkim,Indonesia,Malaysia,Bengladesh ,Bhutan ,Nigeria and USA have contributed chapters.
    I am the editor of the series.

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